Since time immemorial, menstrual cycle is one of the most dependable signs to signify that conception has not occurred. Several theories behind the occurrence of monthly menstruation have come forth, one of them being, preparation of a woman’s body for child bearing. No woman can evade this biological process; some may have normal periods whereas some reel with abnormal periods for a long time.
Abnormal periods signified by irregularities of sorts in menstruation are very common today. If a woman experiences periods more frequently after a span of every 21 days, she is believed to have irregular periods.
So, when is a woman believed to have abnormal periods?
A woman is likely to undergo menstrual abnormalities when she is suffering from-
1) Dysmenorrhea: A condition characterized by painful periods.
2) Menorrhagio: A condition wherein a woman experiences extremely heavy period.
3) Spotting: A condition when a woman experiences unusual vaginal bleeding or spotting after periods or after an intercourse.
4) Amenorrhea: An extreme condition when a girl, most likely, falling within the age group of 13-16 years, stops getting her period consistently for a span of 3 months.
Causes of abnormal periods
- According to the doctors, one of the most blamable causes of this condition is the progression of an abnormality called dysfunctional uterine bleeding. This extremity is observed among women with rapid changes in the sex hormone levels.
- Another potent cause for abnormal periods is the immediate change in the estrogen pills, better known as the birth control pills that one takes. Intrauterine device (IUD) causes heavy bleeding.
- Recent surgery or any other form of trauma like an accident is also acknowledged as a potent reason for causing irregularities in periods.
- Other than these common reasons, medical conditions like uterine fibroids, diabetes, ectopic pregnancy, polycystic ovary syndrome, illness and obesity are also recognized as probable causes of abnormal periods.
However, one should not mistake unexpected bleeding with menstruation as the same can also be a strong cause of pregnancy, ectopic pregnancy or a miscarriage. In such a case it is advisable to immediately opt for a home pregnancy test or pay a visit to the doctor to confirm the cause of this abnormality.
Treatment of abnormal periods
The primary treatment given to the patient suffering from menstrual irregularities is the controlled prescription of birth control pills so as to rectify the level of progesterone to the desired level. Other than contraception pills, progesterone supplements can also be suggested to the patient. Apart from medications, doctors strictly recommend restricted intake of pain reducing medicines like aspirin as they are likely to affect the bleeding.
Other than the above mentioned treatments, preventive steps taken at home may also treat or curb distress experienced in abnormal periods. One of the best home based measures is to keep changing the used tampons after every 2-3 hours so as to infections of sorts. One is further advised to keep a track of irregularities like bleeding after sex, prolonged period or scant bleeding and visit a health care practitioner for immediate relief.